A Legal Blog by Prerna Foundation

Author Namitha Suvarna

Extra Judicial Confession

Extrajudicial Confession is a confession made out of court, and not as a part of a judicial examination or investigation. Such a confession must be corroborated by some other proof of the corpus delicti, or else it is insufficient to… Continue Reading →

Court Fees and Suits Valuation

Meaning and concept – The court fees are dealt under the Court Fees Act, 1870 and it extends to the whole of India and it commenced on the first day of April, 1870. Fees which may be imposed upon a… Continue Reading →

What is a cause of action?

A cause of action, in law, is a set of facts sufficient to justify a right to sue to obtain money, property or the enforcement of a right against another party. It also refers to the legal theory upon which… Continue Reading →

Cause of Action

A cause of action, in law, is a set of facts sufficient to justify a right to sue to obtain money, property or the enforcement of a right against another party. It also refers to the legal theory upon which… Continue Reading →

Stridhan

The word “Stridhan” has been derived from the words “stri” meaning a woman and the word “dhana” means property. This concept came down all the centuries from the Hindu Smritis but has today, engulfed all forms of marriages in all… Continue Reading →

Extra Judicial Confession

  Extrajudicial Confession is a confession made out of court, and not as a part of a judicial examination or investigation. Such a confession must be corroborated by some other proof of the corpus delicti, or else it is insufficient… Continue Reading →

Dual Citizenship

When one person is regarded as citizen of one or more states under the laws of those states, it is known as dual citizenship. It is also known as Dual Nationality. Countries which allow dual citizenship are Australia, Canada, France,… Continue Reading →

Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium

Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium is a Latin maxim which means “for every wrong, the law provides a remedy.” If a person’s right is violated, he shall be compensated. Jus means the legal authority to do something and remedium means the… Continue Reading →

Dying Declaration

A dying declaration is a statement made by a declarant, who is unavailable to testify in court (typically because of the declarant’s death), who made the statement under a belief of certain or impending death. The statement must also relate… Continue Reading →

Cyber Crime

Cyber crime or computer-oriented crime is a crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime or it maybe a target. Cybercrimes can be defined as ,” offences that… Continue Reading →

Arbitration Law and Scope of Judicial Intervention

What is arbitration? Arbitration means settlement of a dispute between parties to a contract by a neutral third party i.e. without resorting to court action. During arbitration, third party listens to both sides of a legal disagreement. With the documents… Continue Reading →

Mahr Vs Dowry

What is Mahr?                                                    In Islam, a mahr is a mandatory required amount of money or possessions, paid by the groom to the bride at the time of the marriage, for her exclusive use. It is also known as dower. The… Continue Reading →

Hindu Women Inheritance Rights

Much like those of women of any other country, property rights of Indian women have evolved out a continuing struggle between the status and the progressive forces. And pretty much like the property rights of women elsewhere, property rights of… Continue Reading →

High Court Power and Appeal

The high courts are the principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in each state and union territory. However, a high court exercises its original civil and criminal jurisdiction only if the subordinate courts are not authorized by law to try such matters… Continue Reading →

Court Fees and Suits Valuation

The court fees are dealt under the Court Fees Act, 1870 and it extends to the whole of India and it commenced on the first day of April, 1870. A fee which may be imposed upon a litigant in order… Continue Reading →

White Collar Crimes in India

Who is a white-collar worker? A white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial or administrative work. White-collar work may be performed in an office or other administrative setting. White-collar includes business management, customer support, market research, finance, engineering,… Continue Reading →

Elements of a Valid Contract

A contract is basically an agreement between two parties creating a legal obligation for both of them to perform specific acts. Each party is legally bound to perform the specified duties such as rendering a payment or delivering goods. In… Continue Reading →

Private Member’s Bill

A Member of Parliament (MP) who is not a Minister in the Union Cabinet is called a Private Member. Bills introduced by such members are called Private Member’s Bills. A Private member’s bill can be introduced in either the Lok… Continue Reading →

Common Personal Laws

Personal law applies to a certain class or group of people or a particular person, based on the similar religions, faith, and culture. In India, everyone belongs to different caste, religion and have their own faith and belief. Marriage, divorce,… Continue Reading →

Suspension of Fundamental Rights

Fundamental rights, the basic liberties of the people, are mentioned in Part III (Articles 12 to 35) of the Constitution of India. These include individual rights such as equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, religious and cultural… Continue Reading →

Elections in India

India has a parliamentary system governed under the Constitution of India, which states the decentralization of power among central and state government. The head and supreme commander-in-chief for all defense forces India is the President of India. Election commission is… Continue Reading →

Charge Sheet

A charge sheet is a preparation document of accusation prepared by law-enforcement agencies in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is distinct from FIR. First information report (FIR) is the core document which describes a crime that has been committed. Charge… Continue Reading →

Constitutional Tort

Since governing institution are the governing institution, people gave less emphasis on its liabilities but gradually there were cases in which the state was sued. This led to the formation of Constitutional Tort Law which imposed a liability on the… Continue Reading →

Freedom of Religion

India is one of the most diverse nations in terms of religion, it being the birthplace of four major world religions: Jainism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism.   Freedom of religion in India is a fundamental right guaranteed by Article 25-28… Continue Reading →

Burden of Proof

The law of evidence is a crucial part of legislature which supplements court’s proceedings. Evidence is the material that establishes a claim or an assertion and enables the court to come to a just decision. The Law of evidence is… Continue Reading →

Equality before Law

Equality before law is one of the basic principles of liberalism. Thus, law should make sure there is no discrimination among the individuals or group of individuals. Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states: “All are… Continue Reading →

Basic Structure of Constitution

The Constitution of India has stated some basic features that cannot be altered through amendments by Parliament. This is known as BASIC STRUCTURE DOCTRINE. This gives power to Supreme Court to review and repeal the Constitutional amendments and acts enacted… Continue Reading →

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