Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).[10] It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread globally, resulting in an ongoing pandemic.

As of 22 May 2020, more than 5.1 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 333,000 deaths. More than 1.95 million people have recovered.

According to the World Health Organization, there are no available vaccines nor specific antiviral treatments for COVID-19.

As of 22 May 2020, more than 5.1 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 333,000 deaths.

Due to this in many countries Lockdown or Quarantine took place.



Phase 1 of Lockdown

On Tuesday, 24 March 2020 Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi declared India would be under lockdown for twenty-one days in order to prevent the spread of the global pandemic COVID-19

Phase 2 of Lockdown

The second phase of Lockdown is of 19 days could only be allowed to resume post April 20 up-till May 3.

Phase 3 of Lockdown

Third phase of Lockdown ended on 17th May.

Things which were not allowed to do.

  1. Travel by planes and trains remain Inter-state movement by road were also   not  allowed.
  2. Schools and colleges remained So were malls, restaurants, gyms, barber shops and salons.Religious or political gatherings were prohibited..
  3. Nobody was allowed to move around between 7 pm and 7 am.
  4. Senior citizens above the age of 65 must remain at home at all times and in all areas.
  5. In Red Zones, public transport and taxis not allowed .

Things which we’re allowed to open

  1. Standalone, neighbour and residential shop.
  2. commercial and private offices can open with up to 33 per cent staff
  3. Out-Patient Departments (OPDs) and medical clinics but not in containment zone
  4. Manufacturing units, Liquor shop in green and orange area.
  5. People and vehicles with 2 passenger in 4 wheeler.
  6. Print, IT enabled services, data & call centres are allowed to open.
  7. Construction activities in Urban area.
  8. Banks, non-banking finance companies (NBFCs), public utilities, like power, water, sanitation, and internet will remain open; couriers are also sanctioned.
  9. Public buses can operate but only at 50 per cent capacity to ensure social distancing.
  10. Goods traffic is permitted.

Phase 4 of Lockdown

As phase 3 ended on May 17 it got extended the lockdown for two more weeks till May 31, but gave some major relaxations, permitting almost all economic activities and significant public movement.

Air travel — both domestic and international — and Metro rail services banned.

Schools, colleges, and other educational institutions will remain closed, including hotels, cinema halls, malls, swimming pools and gyms.

Sports complexes and stadium have been permitted to open.

One can drive or take a bus to visit relatives in another state?

Ans: YES, but only with the consent of opposite state government.

7 pm-7 am night curfew when people can move freely during the day



“Lockdown” is not a legal term. The term is being used by government officials and others to describe a situation where free movement of goods is restricted, with the exception of essential items declared by the Government of India under Section 2, 3, 4 of the Epidemic Diseases Act.

They can, however, enforce a lockdown through the mechanism provided under Section 188 (disobedience to the directions given by a public servant), Section 269 (negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life) and Section 270 (malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life) of the Indian Penal Code.

Ministry of home affairs gave notification regarding lockdown under Section 6 of the Disaster Management Act. And gave guidelines under Section 8 and Section 10.

Section 2 and 2A of the Epidemic Disease Act under lockdown give power to the State and Central governments to take necessary steps in the situation of an epidemic to control its outbreak, even if the steps are not mentioned in any law practice or theory in the country.

Large part of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) to combat the spread of the virus.

During Lockdown all types of Transport service will not be operating, Commercial and Private establishments will be closed except ration shops, banks, ATMs, media services, and telecommunication companies.



Article 352 of the Indian Constitution allows the President to declare emergency when he is satisfied that the security of India on any part of its territory is threatened by war, external aggression or armed rebellion.

Article 356 allows for declaration of a state emergency for a specific state when the President is satisfied that the government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Article 360 of the Indian Constitution provides for declaration of a financial emergency when the President is satisfied that “the financial stability or credit of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened”.


Any person who violates these containment measures is liable under Sections 51 to 60 (Offenses and Penalties) of the Disaster Management Act, and under Section 188 of the Indian Penal Code which creates punishment for disobedience to order duly promulgated by a public servant.

The provisions of Disaster Management Act and IPC and said anyone obstructing enforcement of lockdown could be punishable for jail term for up to two years and anyone making false claim on any matter can be punished up to two years of jail with fine and laws.



Lockdown leads to great loss to the economy and many to the  middle class and poorer secion of the world. It affected the economy badly of many nations . Maintaining legality & law during  lockdown has become very much necessary during such a pandemic period. As per one of the new rule one cannot spit on road.