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  • Dhanunjaya Sivakumar

AI And Legal Implications In The Field Of Law

Updated: Nov 19, 2023

AI impact in law
AI and legal implications in the field of law

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a disruptive force across a range of industries, including the legal profession. AI's uses in the legal industry are becoming more common as technology develops. However, there are significant ethical questions raised by the use of AI in the legal profession. This essay investigates the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in legal applications, analyses its effects using studies, research, and statistics, and considers the ethical issues that need to be resolved. The implementation of AI requires careful consideration of the ethical concerns relating to privacy, bias, accountability, and human oversight. This is true even though AI holds considerable promise to improve efficiency and accuracy in legal processes.

Greater Efficiency and Accuracy: The advantages of AI in legal applications have been underlined in numerous research. According to McKinsey & Company research, AI-powered document review systems can analyze contracts and legal papers much more quickly and accurately than their human equivalents. For instance, AI systems can evaluate enormous amounts of data and extract pertinent information, enhancing the accuracy and speed of legal research and due diligence procedures. AI has the ability to lessen the biases present in human decision-making processes while improving access to justice. According to research in the Science Journal, AI algorithms are superior to human judges at forecasting recidivism rates, and they also help to eliminate racial inequities in sentencing. A more fair and equitable justice system can be promoted by using AI-driven tools to help uncover biases in legal systems and offer insights to lessen these biases.

Data protection and privacy: Since the use of AI in legal practice demands the collection and analysis of enormous volumes of data, privacy and data protection issues are raised. According to a survey by the International Association of Privacy Professionals, 84% of privacy experts think that AI presents particular privacy threats. These dangers include the possibility of improper use of personal information and the requirement to maintain adherence to data protection laws like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). It's critical to strike a balance between using AI's capabilities and defending people's right to privacy.

Accountability and Transparency: Since AI algorithms frequently function as "black boxes," it might be difficult to understand how decisions are made. Concerns regarding accountability and the capacity to contest algorithmic results are brought up by the lack of transparency. In a paper that was published in the Harvard Law Review, the significance of interpretability and accountability in AI systems was emphasized, emphasizing the necessity for human oversight and the capacity to articulate the justifications for the legal conclusions that AI generates.

In light of the foregoing, it can be said that the incorporation of AI into legal applications has many positive effects on accuracy, efficiency, and access to justice. However, it is crucial to address the moral issues raised by the deployment of AI. Important factors to consider include sustaining human oversight, guaranteeing accountability and openness, and protecting privacy.

The Human-Machine Balance: Although AI can boost lawyers' skills, it's crucial to balance the contributions of humans and machines when making decisions. AI shouldn't replace the knowledge, critical thinking, and ethical judgment that human lawyers possess. It is crucial to underline the symbiotic interaction between humans and computers in the legal field in order to avoid becoming overly dependent on AI systems and to keep the distinctively human characteristics that underpin the legal profession.

As the legal profession adopts AI, legislators, legal experts, and technologists must work together to create ethical frameworks and norms that maintain the values of justice, fairness, and human rights in a legal environment driven by AI. We can fully utilize AI while protecting the morals and ethics of the legal profession by appropriately navigating these obstacles.


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