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  • Noopur Srivastava

Human Trafficking

Updated: Nov 19, 2023

paper piece with human trafficking
human trafficking


Human trafficking, a modern form of slavery, continues to thrive as a global menace. It is a grave violation of human rights, targeting the most vulnerable populations worldwide. This essay sheds light on the dimensions of human trafficking and its devastating impact on individuals, communities, and societies.


What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking encompasses the recruitment, transportation, harbouring, or exploitation of individuals through force, fraud, or coercion. It affects millions of men, women, and children, and generates significant profits for criminal networks. Victims of trafficking are often subjected to sexual exploitation, forced labour, organ removal, or even forced participation in criminal activities.

Causes of human trafficking

One of the primary causes of human trafficking is poverty. The desperate search for better opportunities makes individuals susceptible to traffickers' false promises. Moreover, armed conflicts, political instability, and natural disasters create an environment conducive to trafficking, as people become displaced and vulnerable.

Traffickers exploit the power imbalance between the victims and themselves. They prey on individuals lacking social support networks, education, or awareness of their rights. Victims often face physical and psychological abuse, while their freedom is curtailed, leaving them isolated and voiceless.

Impact of human trafficking

The impact of human trafficking extends beyond individual victims. It erodes social cohesion, undermines economic development, and fuels organized crime. Additionally, it contributes to the spread of infectious diseases and violates international humanitarian laws. Efforts to combat human trafficking require a comprehensive approach, encompassing prevention, protection, and prosecution.

Provisions relating to human trafficking in India.

India has implemented various provisions to address human trafficking. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, of 1956 criminalizes trafficking for sexual exploitation and forced labour. The Act provides for stringent punishments and establishes specialized anti-trafficking units across the country. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 focuses on protecting children from trafficking and provides for their rehabilitation. The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 includes provisions to combat child trafficking and sexual exploitation. Additionally, the National Plan of Action for Children aims to prevent trafficking, rescue victims, and provide rehabilitation services. These measures demonstrate India's commitment to combating human trafficking and protecting its vulnerable population.


Human trafficking remains an insidious and pervasive crime, challenging societies worldwide. Combating this human rights violation necessitates collaborative efforts, involving governments, non-governmental organizations, and individuals. By raising awareness, strengthening legislation, and providing support to victims, we can strive towards a world free from the chains of human trafficking.


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