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  • Deepika

The Legalization Of Assisted Suicide

Updated: Nov 19, 2023

legality of euthanasia
The Legalization of Assisted Suicide


Assisted suicide, also known as medically assisted dying or euthanasia, is a highly controversial and emotionally charged topic. It involves providing terminally ill individuals with the means to end their lives peacefully and with dignity, under the supervision of medical professionals. The question of whether assisted suicide should be legalized raises complex ethical, moral, and legal considerations. This essay will argue that the legalization of assisted suicide provides a compassionate approach to end-of-life autonomy, respecting the fundamental rights and choices of individuals facing unbearable suffering.


1. Personal Autonomy and the Right to Die: One of the fundamental principles underlying the debate on assisted suicide is personal autonomy, the right for individuals to make decisions regarding their own bodies and lives. In a society that values personal freedom and self-determination, it is essential to acknowledge the right of terminally ill patients to have control over their own end-of-life choices. Legalizing assisted suicide would allow individuals who are suffering unbearably to exercise their autonomy and die on their own terms, surrounded by loved ones.

2. Alleviating Unnecessary Suffering: Terminally ill patients often experience immense physical pain, emotional distress, and loss of dignity as their diseases progress. Palliative care, while valuable, may not always alleviate all suffering. Legalizing assisted suicide would provide a compassionate option for those patients who face intractable pain and suffering, enabling them to avoid prolonged agony and maintain some control over the manner and timing of their death. It would promote a humane and empathetic approach to end-of-life care.

3. Safeguards and Legal Frameworks: Opponents of assisted suicide argue that legalization could lead to abuse and the involuntary euthanasia of vulnerable individuals. However, jurisdictions that have implemented assisted suicide laws have put in place rigorous safeguards to protect against such risks. These safeguards typically include multiple medical assessments, waiting periods, and strict eligibility criteria. By establishing clear legal frameworks, assisted suicide can be regulated and controlled, ensuring that it is carried out responsibly and with the utmost respect for patient safety and autonomy.

4. International Examples: Several countries and states have already legalized assisted suicide, providing valuable insights into the practical implications of such legislation. For example, the Netherlands and Belgium have long-standing laws allowing for medically assisted dying, and studies have shown that these practices are not abused and are often sought as a last resort by individuals in unbearable suffering. Examining the experiences of these jurisdictions can inform the development of robust and effective legal frameworks for assisted suicide.

5. Ethical Considerations and Counterarguments: While the arguments in Favor of assisted suicide are compelling, it is essential to address counterarguments rooted in religious, ethical, and moral perspectives. Some argue that assisted suicide violates the sanctity of life or that it could erode trust in the medical profession. However, legalizing assisted suicide does not undermine the importance of life or the ethical responsibilities of healthcare professionals. It simply provides an additional option for those who are suffering and wish to exercise their autonomy in making end-of-life decisions.


Legalizing assisted suicide offers a compassionate approach to end-of-life autonomy, recognizing the rights and choices of terminally ill individuals. It allows for the alleviation of unnecessary suffering, while ensuring stringent safeguards are in place to protect against abuse. By learning from international examples and engaging in thoughtful and ethical debate, society can move towards a more compassionate understanding of the complexities surrounding assisted suicide and provide a dignified option for those facing unbearable suffering at the end of their lives.

Co-Authored with: Prof. Jharna Jagtiani


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